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在用国Ⅲ/国Ⅳ/国Ⅴ柴油公交车的颗粒物质量及固态PM2.5数量排放特性

胡志远 磨文浩 宋博 谭丕强 楼狄明

胡志远, 磨文浩, 宋博, 谭丕强, 楼狄明. 在用国Ⅲ/国Ⅳ/国Ⅴ柴油公交车的颗粒物质量及固态PM2.5数量排放特性[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(10): 1426-1432.
引用本文: 胡志远, 磨文浩, 宋博, 谭丕强, 楼狄明. 在用国Ⅲ/国Ⅳ/国Ⅴ柴油公交车的颗粒物质量及固态PM2.5数量排放特性[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(10): 1426-1432.
HU Zhiyuan, MO Wenhao, SONG Bo, TAN Piqiang, LOU Diming. Emission Characteristics of Particulate Matter Mass and Quantity of Solid PM2.5 Number from In-Use China Ⅲ/Ⅳ/Ⅴ Diesel Buses[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(10): 1426-1432.
Citation: HU Zhiyuan, MO Wenhao, SONG Bo, TAN Piqiang, LOU Diming. Emission Characteristics of Particulate Matter Mass and Quantity of Solid PM2.5 Number from In-Use China Ⅲ/Ⅳ/Ⅴ Diesel Buses[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(10): 1426-1432.

在用国Ⅲ/国Ⅳ/国Ⅴ柴油公交车的颗粒物质量及固态PM2.5数量排放特性

基金项目: 上海市科学技术委员会科技攻关计划项目(15DZ1205503,14DZ1202700)

Emission Characteristics of Particulate Matter Mass and Quantity of Solid PM2.5 Number from In-Use China Ⅲ/Ⅳ/Ⅴ Diesel Buses

  • 摘要: 利用法规认证全流稀释定容采样系统以及满足精度要求的颗粒物排放分析系统,运行GB/T 19754—2005《重型混合动力电动汽车能量消耗量试验方法》推荐的中国典型城市公交循环(CCBC),分析了在用国Ⅲ/国Ⅳ/国Ⅴ柴油公交车以及在用国Ⅲ柴油公交车进行DOC(氧化催化转化器)+CDPF(催化型颗粒捕集器)改造后的颗粒物质量、固态PM2.5数量排放特性.结果表明:国Ⅲ、国Ⅳ、国Ⅴ柴油公交车的颗粒物质量排放因子分别为63.77、63.20和14.42 mg/km,固态PM2.5数量排放因子分别为3.87×1013、3.10×1013和2.77×1013 km-1.与国Ⅲ柴油公交车相比,国Ⅳ柴油公交车的颗粒物质量、固态PM2.5数量排放因子分别降低了1%和20%;国Ⅴ柴油公交车分别降低了77%和28%;进行DOC+CDPF改造的国Ⅲ公交车颗粒物质量、固态PM2.5颗粒数量排放因子分别为1.78 mg/km和3.19×1011 km-1,比未改造前分别降低了97%和99%.中国典型城市公交循环的低速(0~21.8 km/h)、中低速(0~37.5 km/h)、中高速(0~51.7 km/h)和高速(0~60.0 km/h)4类行驶工况中,低速行驶工况的固态PM2.5数量排放因子最高,约是整个循环的2倍;在加速、匀速、减速、怠速4种行驶模式中,加速行驶模式产生的固态PM2.5单位时间排放量最高,其分别为减速和怠速行驶模式下的10和6倍.研究显示,提高柴油公交车的平均车速,降低加速行驶比例有利于降低其颗粒物排放;DOC+CDPF可显著降低国Ⅲ柴油公交车的颗粒物排放.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-01-31
  • 修回日期:  2016-07-01
  • 刊出日期:  2016-10-25

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