留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

基于PSFR评估框架的太子河流域水生态安全评估

林佳宁 高欣 贾晓波 张远 张楠 成剑波 孟伟

林佳宁, 高欣, 贾晓波, 张远, 张楠, 成剑波, 孟伟. 基于PSFR评估框架的太子河流域水生态安全评估[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(10): 1440-1450.
引用本文: 林佳宁, 高欣, 贾晓波, 张远, 张楠, 成剑波, 孟伟. 基于PSFR评估框架的太子河流域水生态安全评估[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(10): 1440-1450.
LIN Jianing, GAO Xin, JIA Xiaobo, ZHANG Yuan, ZHANG Nan, CHENG Jianbo, MENG Wei. Assessment of Riverine Ecological Security for Taizi River Basin based on PSFR Evaluation Framework[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(10): 1440-1450.
Citation: LIN Jianing, GAO Xin, JIA Xiaobo, ZHANG Yuan, ZHANG Nan, CHENG Jianbo, MENG Wei. Assessment of Riverine Ecological Security for Taizi River Basin based on PSFR Evaluation Framework[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(10): 1440-1450.

基于PSFR评估框架的太子河流域水生态安全评估

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2015ZX07202012,2012ZX07501001);辽河野外生态环境综合观测研究站建设项目(2013-YSGQ-08)

Assessment of Riverine Ecological Security for Taizi River Basin based on PSFR Evaluation Framework

  • 摘要: 以减少人类压力、保持生态健康、维持服务功能和规避潜在生态风险为出发点,建立了基于PSFR(压力、状态、功能、风险)的太子河流域水生态安全评估指标体系.通过遥感影像解译、年鉴资料查询收集和实地调查数据相结合的数据整合方式,利用综合指数法计算了太子河流域生态安全指数,并分析了造成流域生态安全退化的原因.结果表明,太子河流域划分的105个小流域中不存在“极不安全”等级,仅有下游5个小流域处于“不安全”等级,占总数的4.8%;多数小流域均处于“较安全”和“一般”等级,呈集中分布的特点,其中处于“较安全”等级的小流域有59个,占56.2%;处于“一般”等级的小流域有38个,占36.2%;处于“安全”等级的小流域只有3个,占2.8%,说明整个太子河流域的水生态安全状况整体处于“较安全”等级.研究显示,流域内农业和城镇用地的扩张是显著影响生态安全状态及生态服务功能的主要因素.

     

  • [1] 孟伟,刘征涛,张楠,等.流域水质目标管理技术研究:Ⅱ.水环境基准、标准与总量控制.环境科学研究,2008,21(1):1-8.MENG Wei,LIU Zhengtao,ZHANG Nan,et al.The study on the technique of basin water quality target management:water environmental criteria,standard and total amount control.Research of Environmental Sciences,2008,21(1):1-8.
    [2] 孟伟,范俊韬,张远.流域水生态健康与生态文明建设.环境科学研究,2015,28(10):1495-1500.MENG Wei,FAN Juntao,ZHANG Yuan,et al.Freshwater ecosystem health and ecological civilization construction at the watered scale.Research of Environmental Sciences,2015,28(10):1495-1500.
    [3] 李丽娟,梁丽乔,刘昌明,等.近20年我国饮用水污染事故分析及防治对策.地理学报,2007,27(9):917-924.LI Lijuan,LIANG Liqiao,LIU Changming,et al.Analysis and strategy of drinking water pollution accidents in recent 20 years in China.Acta Geographica Sinica,2007,27(9):917-924.
    [4] PEDER G,PETER B.Environmental indicators:typology and use in reporting.Washington DC:European Environment Agency,2003:6.
    [5] DAVID J R,ASHBINDU S.Anecohealth-based framework for state of environment reporting.Ecological Indicators,2006,6(2):409-428.
    [6] NIEMEIJER D,DE GROOT R S.A conceptual framework for selecting environmental indicator sets.Ecological Indicators,2008,8:14-25.
    [7] PEI Liang,DU Liming,YUE Guijie.Ecological security assessment of Beijing based on PSR model.Procedia Environmental Sciences,2010,2:832-841.
    [8] JIANG Weiguo,PAN Yingzi,HOU Peng,et al.Assessment and analysis of wetland ecosystem health in Dongting Lake.Geographical Research,2009,28(6):1665-1672.
    [9] EDWARD R,PHILIP M,SARA C,et al.Applying DPSIR to sustainable development.International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology,2007,14(6):543-555.
    [10] 孙远斌,高怡,石亚东,等.太湖流域水资源承载能力模糊综合评价.水资源保护,2011,27(1):20-23.SUN Yuanbin,GAO Yi,SHI Yadong,et al.Fuzzy assessment of water resources carrying capacity in Taihu Basin.Water Resources Protection,2011,27(1):20-23.
    [11] 向红梅,金腊华.基于DPSIR模型的区域水安全评价研究.安全与环境学报,2011,11(1):96-100.XIANG Hongmei,JIN Lahua.Study on regional water security assessment based on DPSIR model.Journal of Safety and Environment,2011,11(1):96-100.
    [12] PIRRONE N,TROMBINO G,CINNIRELLA S,et al.The driver-pressure-state-impact-response(DPSIR) approach for integrated catchment-coastal zone management:preliminary application to the Po catchment-Adriatic Sea coastal zone system.Regional Environmental Change,2005,5:111-137.
    [13] BORJA A,GALPARSORO I,SOLAUN O,et al.The European water framework directive and the DPSIR,a methodological approach to assess the risk of failing to achieve good ecological status.Estuarine,Coastal and Shelf Science,2006,66(1/2):84-96.
    [14] 金相灿,王圣瑞,席海燕.湖泊生态安全及其评价方法框架.环境科学研究,2012,25(4):357-362.JIN Xiangcan,WANG Shengrui,XI Haiyan.Lake ecological security and assessment methodology framework.Research of Environmental Sciences,2012,25(4):357-362.
    [15] 秦建明.黄河的河流生态资产评估框架研究.生态经济,2010(9):166-171.QIN Jianming.Research on evaluation framework of river ecological assets of Yellow River.Ecological Environment,2010(9):166-171.
    [16] 王文杰,张哲,王维,等.流域生态健康评价框架及其评价方法体系研究(一):框架和指标体系.环境工程技术学报,2012,2(4):271-277.WANG Wenjie,ZHANG Zhe,WANG Wei,et al.Framework and method system of watershed ecosystem health assessment:framework and indicator system.Journal of Environmental and Engineering Technology,2012,2(4):271-277.
    [17] 张远,高欣,林佳宁,等.流域水生态安全评估方法.环境科学研究,2016,29(10):1393-1399.ZHANG Yuan,GAO Xin,LIN Jianing,et al.Research on evaluation methods for riverine aquatic ecological security.Research of Environmental Sciences,2016,29(10):1393-1399.
    [18] 罗倩.辽宁太子河流域非点源污染模拟研究.北京:中国农业大学,2013:59-64.
    [19] 张远,王丁明,王西琴,等.太子河流域水库建设对河流水文情势的影响.环境科学研究,2012,25(4):363-371.ZHANG Yuan,WANG Dingming,WANG Xiqin,et al.Effects of revisior construction on flow regimes in Taizi River.Research of Environmental Sciences,2012,25(4):363-371.
    [20] DING Sen,ZHANG Yuan,LIU Bin,et al.Effects of riparian land use on water quality and fish communities in the headwater stream of the Taizi River in China.Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering,2013,7(5):1-10.
    [21] 国家环境保护总局.水和废水监测分析方法.4版.北京:中国环境科学出版社,2002.
    [22] 国家环境保护总局.GB 3838—2002 地表水环境质量标准.北京:中国环境科学出版社,2002.
    [23] 渠晓东,张远,马淑芹,等.太子河流域大型底栖动物群落结构空间分布特征.环境科学研究,2013,26(5):509-515.QU Xiaodong,ZHANG Yuan,MA Shuqin,et al.Spatial distribution characteristics of macroinvertebrate communities in Taizi River Basin.Research of Environmental Sciences,2013,26(5):509-515.
    [24] 环境保护部自然生态保护司.流域生态健康评估技术指南.北京:环境保护部,2013.
    [25] 环境保护部污染防治司.湖泊生态安全调查与评估技术指南.北京:环境保护部,2012.
    [26] 耿世伟,渠晓东,张远,等.大型底栖动物生物评价指数比较与应用.环境科学,2012,33(7):2281-2287.GENG Shiwei,QU Xiaodong,ZHANG Yuan,et al.Comparison and application of biological indices of macrointevertebrates in river health assessment.Environmental Science,2012,33(7):2281-2287.
    [27] 成剑波.河流生态安全评价体系的构建及其应用.重庆:西南大学,2012:45-48.
    [28] COVICH A P,PALMER M A,CROW T A.Therole of benthic invertebrate species in freshwater ecosystems.BioScience,1999,49(2):119-127.
    [29] KONG Weijing,MENG Wei,ZHANG Yuan,et al.A freshwater ecoregion delineation approach based on freshwater macroinvertebrate community features and spatial environmental data in Taizi River Basin,Northeastern China.Ecological Research,2013,28(4):581-592.
    [30] ZHANG Yuan,ZHAO Rui,KONG Weijing,et al.Relationships between macroinvertebrate communities and land use types within different riparian widths in three headwater streams of Taizi River,China.Journal of Freshwater Ecology,2013,28(3):307-328.
    [31] ALLAN J D.Landscapes and riverscapes:the influence of land use on stream ecosystem.Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics,2004,35:257-284.
    [32] BLINN D W,BAILEY P C E.Land-use influence on stream water quality and diatom communities in Victoria,Australia:a response to secondary salinization.Hydrobiologia,2001,466(1/2/3):231-244.
    [33] QUINN J M,COOPER A B,DAVIES-COLLEY R J,et al.Land use effects on habitat,waterquality,periphyton,and benthic invertebrates in Waikato,New Zealand,hill-country streams.New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research,1997,31(5):579-597.
    [34] BAHAR M M,OHMORI H,YAMAMURO M.Relationship between river water quality and land use in a small river basin running through the urbanizing area of Central Japan.Limnology,2008,9(1):19-26.
    [35] BU Hongmei,MENG Wei,ZHANG Yuan,et al.Relationships between land use patterns and water quality in the Taizi River Basin,China.Ecological Indicators,2014,41:187-197.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  2083
  • HTML全文浏览量:  17
  • PDF下载量:  1386
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-12-20
  • 修回日期:  2016-05-24
  • 刊出日期:  2016-10-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回