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我国海滩垃圾污染现状及控制对策

赵肖 綦世斌 廖岩 陈清华 黄道建

赵肖, 綦世斌, 廖岩, 陈清华, 黄道建. 我国海滩垃圾污染现状及控制对策[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(10): 1560-1566.
引用本文: 赵肖, 綦世斌, 廖岩, 陈清华, 黄道建. 我国海滩垃圾污染现状及控制对策[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(10): 1560-1566.
ZHAO Xiao, QI Shibin, LIAO Yan, CHEN Qinghua, HUANG Daojian. Investigation and Control of Beach Litter Pollution in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(10): 1560-1566.
Citation: ZHAO Xiao, QI Shibin, LIAO Yan, CHEN Qinghua, HUANG Daojian. Investigation and Control of Beach Litter Pollution in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(10): 1560-1566.

我国海滩垃圾污染现状及控制对策

基金项目: 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(PM-zx021-201211-123);2014年环境保护公益性行业科研专项经费项目(201409036)

Investigation and Control of Beach Litter Pollution in China

  • 摘要: 为明晰我国各海域的海滩垃圾污染状况及垃圾主要来源,在我国各海区选择24个代表性采样点,共86个调查样方,对我国各海域的海滩垃圾的种类、来源进行了详细调查和重点区域的跟踪调查.结果表明:我国海滩垃圾平均个数为1.03 m-2,其中塑料类最多(占37.37%),其次为泡沫类(占35.67%);总密度为15.91 g/m2,塑料类密度(3.62 g/m2)最大,其次为织物(布)类(2.87 g/m2)和木制品类(1.97 g/m2);主要来源是生活垃圾和旅游垃圾,分别占垃圾总量的39.26%和25.23%;对照国际国内相关调查资料,我国海洋垃圾的污染呈逐渐恶化的趋势,总体形势不容乐观.针对我国海洋垃圾的污染控制,提出应通过进一步海洋垃圾污染调查工作,从制订污染防治监督管理办法、编制污染防治专项规划等方面入手理清各部门管理权责;同时以政府为主导,联合公众、企业、NGO(非政府组织)等多方力量,建立海洋垃圾回收资源化示范点,开展海洋垃圾宣传、清理和海滩清扫活动等控制对策.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-01-11
  • 修回日期:  2016-06-07
  • 刊出日期:  2016-10-25

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