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2013—2014年《大气污染防治行动计划》实施效果及对策建议

高文康 唐贵谦 吉东生 刘子锐 宋涛 程萌田 王跃思

高文康, 唐贵谦, 吉东生, 刘子锐, 宋涛, 程萌田, 王跃思. 2013—2014年《大气污染防治行动计划》实施效果及对策建议[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(11): 1567-1574.
引用本文: 高文康, 唐贵谦, 吉东生, 刘子锐, 宋涛, 程萌田, 王跃思. 2013—2014年《大气污染防治行动计划》实施效果及对策建议[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(11): 1567-1574.
GAO Wenkang, TANG Guiqian, JI Dongsheng, LIU Zirui, SONG Tao, CHENG Mengtian, WANG Yuesi. Implementation Effects and Countermeasures of China′s Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(11): 1567-1574.
Citation: GAO Wenkang, TANG Guiqian, JI Dongsheng, LIU Zirui, SONG Tao, CHENG Mengtian, WANG Yuesi. Implementation Effects and Countermeasures of China′s Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(11): 1567-1574.

2013—2014年《大气污染防治行动计划》实施效果及对策建议

基金项目: 中国科学院A类科学先导专项(XDA05100100);中国科学院B类科学先导专项(XDB05020000);北京市科技计划项目(D09040903670902)

Implementation Effects and Countermeasures of China′s Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan

  • 摘要: 2013年9月10日国务院颁布了《大气污染防治行动计划》(下称《行动计划》).为研究《行动计划》颁布前后我国不同地区大气污染状况变化及其防治措施效果,通过分析2013—2014年“中国大气气溶胶研究网络(CARE-China)” 36个监测站点ρ(PM2.5),结合同期环境保护部公布的74个重点城市大气主要污染物浓度数据和OMI卫星数据,分析了我国不同地区ρ(PM2.5)变化及其原因;同时,以北京为例,分析了不同粒径段中颗粒物质量浓度变化的原因.结果表明:①京津冀及其周边、长三角、珠三角、西南、成渝、西北、华中、关中和东北9个地区ρ(PM2.5)年均值下降了1.1~16.3 μg/m3.其中,京津冀及其周边、长三角、珠三角、成渝和关中地区降幅均超过10.0%,分别为10.2%、10.7%、11.6%、16.9%和20.8%.②不同地区ρ(NO2)和ρ(SO2)年均值变化基本一致,近地面ρ(NO2)年均值在京津冀及其周边、珠三角、西南、成渝和华中等地区降幅在3.0%~9.2%之间,但是华北平原地区NO2柱浓度下降明显,降幅在10.0%~20.0%之间.③北京地区ρ(PM1)和ρ(PM2.5)年均值分别下降了5.7和0.2 μg/m3,并且ρ(NO3-)和ρ(SO42-)年均值在PM1和PM2.5中均有所下降,但ρ(PM1~2.5)与其ρ(NH4+)年均值升幅分别为27.9%和16.2%.因此,京津冀及其周边地区在防治措施实施过程中,在控制高架点源与实施脱硝措施等情况下,应逐步加强近地面面源和线源的控制力度;在实施SO2和NOx减排措施的同时,还需要重视机动车三元催化过程和燃煤电厂脱硫脱硝过程中可能导致的NH3排放问题.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-03-01
  • 修回日期:  2016-07-21
  • 刊出日期:  2016-11-25

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