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阿什河流域地下水脆弱性分区

林茂 纪丹凤 崔驰飞 孙源媛 苏婧 席北斗 Erik Nixdorf

林茂, 纪丹凤, 崔驰飞, 孙源媛, 苏婧, 席北斗, Erik Nixdorf. 阿什河流域地下水脆弱性分区[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(12): 1773-1781.
引用本文: 林茂, 纪丹凤, 崔驰飞, 孙源媛, 苏婧, 席北斗, Erik Nixdorf. 阿什河流域地下水脆弱性分区[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(12): 1773-1781.
LIN Mao, JI Danfeng, CUI Chifei, SUN Yuanyuan, SU Jing, XI Beidou, Eric Nixdorf. Groundwater Vulnerability Partition in Ashi River Basin[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(12): 1773-1781.
Citation: LIN Mao, JI Danfeng, CUI Chifei, SUN Yuanyuan, SU Jing, XI Beidou, Eric Nixdorf. Groundwater Vulnerability Partition in Ashi River Basin[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(12): 1773-1781.

阿什河流域地下水脆弱性分区

基金项目: 北京市科技计划项目(D141100004514001)

Groundwater Vulnerability Partition in Ashi River Basin

  • 摘要: 为识别阿什河流域地下水易污区,基于DRASTIC模型,结合研究区水文地质特点和地下水源地特质,舍弃土壤类型和水力传导系数指标,新增抽水井群影响范围评价指标,得到适用于阿什河流域的DRATIE脆弱性评价体系.借助OpenGeoSys(OGS)软件,模拟研究区抽水与不抽水时的地下水流场,圈划出抽水时流场的变化区域,划分抽水井群影响范围.运用DRATIE模型对研究区进行脆弱性评价,绘制研究区地下水脆弱性分区图,并根据用水趋势进行脆弱性情景分析.结果表明:研究区地下水脆弱性主要为较低、中、较高3个级别;河漫滩和阶地区域较易受到污染,抽水井群影响范围内脆弱性为中等,1号井群每口井抽水量不宜超过3.23×10-2 m3/s,2号井群每口井抽水量不宜超过4.00×10-2 m3/s;其余地区较不易受到污染.研究显示,应严格控制水源地抽水量,以防阿什河水体倒灌;合理分配1、2号井群抽水量,可减小水源地脆弱性范围和等级.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-04-27
  • 修回日期:  2016-09-28
  • 刊出日期:  2016-12-25

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