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利用源示踪技术计算日本和韩国低层大气SO2和PSO4来源

王继康 徐 峻 何友江 程念亮 孟 凡

王继康, 徐 峻, 何友江, 程念亮, 孟 凡. 利用源示踪技术计算日本和韩国低层大气SO2和PSO4来源[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(6): 582-588. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2014.06.03
引用本文: 王继康, 徐 峻, 何友江, 程念亮, 孟 凡. 利用源示踪技术计算日本和韩国低层大气SO2和PSO4来源[J]. 环境科学研究, 2014, 27(6): 582-588. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2014.06.03
WANG Ji-kang, XU Jun, HE You-jiang, CHENG Nian-liang, MENG Fan. Source Apportionment of Sulfur in the Lower Atmosphere of Japan and Korea Using Tag Method[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(6): 582-588. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2014.06.03
Citation: WANG Ji-kang, XU Jun, HE You-jiang, CHENG Nian-liang, MENG Fan. Source Apportionment of Sulfur in the Lower Atmosphere of Japan and Korea Using Tag Method[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(6): 582-588. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2014.06.03

利用源示踪技术计算日本和韩国低层大气SO2和PSO4来源

doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2014.06.03
基金项目: 国家环境保护公益性行业科研专项(201009002)

Source Apportionment of Sulfur in the Lower Atmosphere of Japan and Korea Using Tag Method

  • 摘要: 利用区域空气质量模式CAMx中的PAST(源示踪技术)对2010年东亚地区的总硫(SO2+PSO4)的源-受体关系进行了模拟计算. 模拟区域内共设定43个源区,其中在中国领土范围内设定了33个源区. 在源-受体关系计算中,将日本本岛分为北部、中部和南部三部分,分别设为受体区域,同时还将远离陆地的海洋背景点冲绳和韩国济州岛设为受体点.模拟结果表明,日本本岛北部、中部和南部的总硫来源存在一定的差异:日本本国的贡献率分别为73.8%、77.1%和65.9%,中国的贡献率分别为23.5%、20.2%和25.8%. 韩国本土总硫的本国贡献率为67.8%,中国的贡献率为27.2%. 对韩国济州岛和日本冲绳而言,二者总硫的本国贡献率均为26.0%,远低于日、韩两国的其他地区,不能代表国家间跨界输送的总体状况. 受体区域跨界输送的总硫季节变化明显,而且各区域的变化趋势也并不一致,其中日本南部地区和韩国本土1月最强,7月最弱;日本北部和中部地区在4月最强,1月最弱. 跨界传输的总硫对日本和韩国总硫贡献量小于2.5 μg/m3.对于日、韩两国影响较大的中国源区主要为山东、河北、江苏、辽宁等地,各源区对于日、韩总硫贡献量的季节变化明显. 东亚地区低空总硫的传输通量空间分布与利用CAMx模拟的2010年日本和韩国总硫的源-受体关系结果相一致.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-09-18
  • 修回日期:  2014-03-19
  • 刊出日期:  2014-06-25

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