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土著水生植物对页岩气钻井废水中Cu和Pb的去除及富集特征

朱天菊 王兵 谢红丽 廖能 张名 许倩

朱天菊, 王兵, 谢红丽, 廖能, 张名, 许倩. 土著水生植物对页岩气钻井废水中Cu和Pb的去除及富集特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2017, 30(3): 478-483. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2017.01.22
引用本文: 朱天菊, 王兵, 谢红丽, 廖能, 张名, 许倩. 土著水生植物对页岩气钻井废水中Cu和Pb的去除及富集特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2017, 30(3): 478-483. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2017.01.22
ZHU Tianju, WANG Bing, XIE Hongli, LIAO Neng, ZHANG Ming, XU Qian. Degradation and Bioconcentration Effects of Aquatic Plants on Cu/Pb in Wastewater during Drilling of Shale Gas[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2017, 30(3): 478-483. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2017.01.22
Citation: ZHU Tianju, WANG Bing, XIE Hongli, LIAO Neng, ZHANG Ming, XU Qian. Degradation and Bioconcentration Effects of Aquatic Plants on Cu/Pb in Wastewater during Drilling of Shale Gas[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2017, 30(3): 478-483. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2017.01.22

土著水生植物对页岩气钻井废水中Cu和Pb的去除及富集特征

doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2017.01.22
基金项目: 

四川省科技支撑计划项目 2015SZ0007

详细信息
    作者简介:

    朱天菊(1980-), 女, 四川成都人, 讲师, 硕士, 主要从事油气田污染治理研究, zhu_tj@163.com

  • 中图分类号: X741

Degradation and Bioconcentration Effects of Aquatic Plants on Cu/Pb in Wastewater during Drilling of Shale Gas

Funds: 

 2015SZ0007

  • 摘要: 为实现页岩气钻井废水绿色环保无害化现场处理,选取页岩气井场附近的土著水生植物凤眼莲(Eichhorniacrassipes)、水花生(Alligator philoxeroides)、鱼腥草(Herbahouttuyniae)、狐尾草(Alopecuruspratensis)、菖蒲(Acoruscalamus)、雍菜(Swamp mrningglory)为试验植物,考察植物单一养殖与5种植物(凤眼莲、水花生、鱼腥草、狐尾草、菖蒲)组合作用时对页岩气钻井废水中Cu、Pb的去除率及生物富集特征.结果表明:凤眼莲对钻井废水中Cu的去除效率最高,达到83.04%,对Pb的去除效率达到88.89%,根部吸附重金属离子能力较强;鱼腥草对废水中Cu、Pb富集能力较强BCF(富集系数)达400以上,地上转运系数在0.5以上,Cu、Pb主要富集在茎叶;雍菜对页岩气钻井废水的毒性物质较为敏感,不易存活.水生植物组合养殖时,对废水中Cu、Pb的降解速率大于单一养殖,分别达到82.17%、88.03%.试验用土著水生植物对页岩气钻井废水中Cu、Pb的BCF均达到200以上.研究显示,通过土著水生植物对页岩气钻井废水中的Cu、Pb可以进行有效降解.

     

  • 图  1  养殖时间对Cu去除率的影响

    Figure  1.  Effects of growing time on Cu removal

    图  2  养殖时间对Pb去除率的影响

    Figure  2.  Effects of growing time on Pb removal

    图  3  不同植物单位量Cu/Pb含量

    Figure  3.  Unit quatity of Cu/Pb in different palnts

    图  4  植物不同部位Cu和Pb的含量

    Figure  4.  Concentration for Cu and Pb in different plant′s portion

    表  1  不同植物对Cu、Pb的生物富集系数和生物运转系数

    Table  1.   Bioconcentration factor and translocation factor for Cu/Pb in different plants

    水生植物 生物富集系数 生物运转系数
    BCFCu BCFPb TFCu TFPb
    水葫芦 389.74 461.46 0.01 0.27
    狐尾草 312.71 178.57 0.51 0.25
    菖蒲 298.91 357.83 0.01 0.62
    水花生 273.36 379.62 0.16 0.32
    鱼腥草 432.29 461.31 0.55 0.83
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2016-02-14
  • 修回日期:  2016-09-24
  • 刊出日期:  2017-03-25

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