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鄱阳湖入湖河流氮磷水质控制限值研究

王子为 林佳宁 张远 王慧 钱昶 陈焰 夏瑞 王强 张晓娇

王子为, 林佳宁, 张远, 王慧, 钱昶, 陈焰, 夏瑞, 王强, 张晓娇. 鄱阳湖入湖河流氮磷水质控制限值研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2020, 33(5): 1163-1169. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2020.03.45
引用本文: 王子为, 林佳宁, 张远, 王慧, 钱昶, 陈焰, 夏瑞, 王强, 张晓娇. 鄱阳湖入湖河流氮磷水质控制限值研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2020, 33(5): 1163-1169. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2020.03.45
WANG Ziwei, LIN Jianing, ZHANG Yuan, WANG Hui, QIAN Chang, CHEN Yan, XIA Rui, WANG Qiang, ZHANG Xiaojiao. Water Quality Limits of Nitrogen and Phosphorus in the Inflow Rivers of Poyang Lake[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2020, 33(5): 1163-1169. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2020.03.45
Citation: WANG Ziwei, LIN Jianing, ZHANG Yuan, WANG Hui, QIAN Chang, CHEN Yan, XIA Rui, WANG Qiang, ZHANG Xiaojiao. Water Quality Limits of Nitrogen and Phosphorus in the Inflow Rivers of Poyang Lake[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2020, 33(5): 1163-1169. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2020.03.45

鄱阳湖入湖河流氮磷水质控制限值研究

doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2020.03.45
基金项目: 

家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项 2018ZX07601-001-02

家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项 2017ZX07301-001-01

家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项 2018ZX07601-003

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王子为(1996-), 男, 辽宁阜新人, WWziwei@163.com

    通讯作者:

    林佳宁(1988-), 女, 山东烟台人, 副研究员, 博士, 主要从事水生态保护技术研究, linjn@craes.org.cn

  • 中图分类号: X524

Water Quality Limits of Nitrogen and Phosphorus in the Inflow Rivers of Poyang Lake

Funds: 

National Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment, China 2018ZX07601-001-02

National Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment, China 2017ZX07301-001-01

National Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment, China 2018ZX07601-003

  • 摘要: 鄱阳湖近年氮磷营养物浓度逐步升高,入湖河流是鄱阳湖氮磷输入的重要途径.采用BATHTUB模型建立了鄱阳湖入湖河流与湖区ρ(TP)、ρ(TN)的响应关系,模拟了入湖河流执行GB 3838—2002《地表水环境质量标准》中不同氮磷标准限值对湖区水质的影响,发现当入湖河流ρ(TP)执行河流Ⅲ类标准限值或超过Ⅲ类标准限值时,对应湖区ρ(TP)超标;入湖河流执行Ⅲ类及以上湖泊水质标准限值时,湖区水质可以达到Ⅲ类保护目标,但对入湖河流存在一定的过保护现象.因此,以满足现行湖泊水质达标为情景,以湖泊ρ(TP)、ρ(TN)各类别标准限值为目标,试算了入湖河流氮磷控制限值,提出了鄱阳湖入湖河流的氮磷控制限值建议方案,其中鄱阳湖湖体水质目标为Ⅲ类时,入湖河流ρ(TP)、ρ(TN)控制限值分别为0.075和1.20 mg/L,此时入湖河流氮磷控制限值方案既能保证湖泊水质达标,又不会造成对河流的水质控制过于严格.研究显示,基于湖泊水环境质量达标情况试算的入湖河流氮磷所需控制限值,建议可作为解决入湖氮磷污染控制问题的参考.

     

  • 图  1  鄱阳湖流域监测点位示意

    注:1—吴城修河;2—吴城赣江;3—昌邑;4—塔城;5—梅港;6—赵家湾;7—焦石坝;8—吴城:9—三山;10—老爷庙;11—都昌;12—蚌湖;13—金溪咀刘家;14—南湖村;15—南矶山;16—伍湖分场;17—白沙洲;18—康山;19—莲湖;20—梅溪咀;21—余干.下同.

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of monitoring points in Poyang Lake Basin

    图  2  BATHTUB模型验证期效果

    Figure  2.  Calibration effect of BATHTUB model

    图  3  鄱阳湖及入湖河流ρ(TP)和ρ(TN)空间分布

    Figure  3.  The spatial distribution of ρ(TP) and ρ(TN) of Poyang Lake and incoming rivers

    表  1  BATHTUB模型参数

    Table  1.   BATHTUB model parameters

    项目参数名称
    全局降雨量、蒸发量、水位变化、大气沉降外部负荷
    分段湖区表面积、平均深度、混合层深度、非藻类浊度以及
    监测水体中ρ(TP)、ρ(TN)、ρ(Chla)、SD
    支流支流流量、监测水体中ρ(TP)和ρ(TN)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  BATHTUB模型模块选择及系数校正

    Table  2.   Coefficient correction and the selection of modules in BATHTUB model

    参数模型因子系数
    ρ(TP)01 Second-order Available-P0.3
    ρ(TN)01 Second-order Available-N0.3
    ρ(Chla)02 P, N, Low-Turbidity0.2
    SD01 Chla & Turbidity1.0
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  入湖河流执行现行河流标准限值时湖区ρ(TP)模拟结果

    Table  3.   Simulation results of ρ(TP) in lake area under river standard limits

    入湖河流鄱阳湖湖区
    执行河
    流标准
    ρ(TP)/
    (mg/L)
    模拟ρ(TP)/
    (mg/L)
    湖泊水
    质级别
    Ⅴ类0.40.160Ⅴ类
    Ⅳ类0.30.136Ⅴ类
    Ⅲ类0.20.104Ⅴ类
    Ⅱ类0.10.065Ⅳ类
    Ⅰ类0.020.018Ⅱ类
    注:Ⅰ类、Ⅱ类、Ⅲ类、Ⅳ类、Ⅴ类均为GB 3838—2002《地表水环境质量标准》水质等级.下同.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  入湖河流执行现行湖泊标准限值时湖区ρ(TP)、ρ(TN)模拟结果

    Table  4.   Simulation results of ρ(TP) and ρ(TN) in lake area under lake standard limits

    入湖河流鄱阳湖湖区入湖河流鄱阳湖湖区
    执行湖
    泊标准
    ρ(TP)/
    (mg/L)
    模拟ρ(TP)/
    (mg/L)
    湖泊
    水质类别
    执行湖
    泊标准
    ρ(TN)/
    (mg/L)
    模拟ρ(TN)/
    (mg/L)
    湖泊
    水质类别
    Ⅴ类0.20.105Ⅳ类Ⅴ类2.01.45Ⅳ类
    Ⅳ类0.10.065Ⅳ类Ⅳ类1.51.15Ⅳ类
    Ⅲ类0.050.038Ⅲ类Ⅲ类1.00.82Ⅲ类
    Ⅱ类0.0250.021Ⅱ类Ⅱ类0.50.46Ⅱ类
    Ⅰ类0.010.010Ⅰ类Ⅰ类0.20.20Ⅰ类
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  依据湖泊不同保护类别试算的入湖河流ρ(TP)、ρ(TN)模拟结果

    Table  5.   Simulation results of ρ(TP) and ρ(TN) of inflow lakes based on different protection categories of lakes

    鄱阳湖湖区入湖河流鄱阳湖湖区入湖河流
    湖泊水质级别ρ(TP)/(mg/L)试算的ρ(TP)控制限值/(mg/L)湖泊水质级别ρ(TN)/(mg/L)试算的ρ(TN)控制限值/(mg/L)
    Ⅴ类0.20.40Ⅴ类2.03.10
    Ⅳ类0.10.20Ⅳ类1.52.10
    Ⅲ类0.050.075Ⅲ类1.01.20
    Ⅱ类0.0250.03Ⅱ类0.50.55
    Ⅰ类0.010.02Ⅰ类0.20.21
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-02-04
  • 修回日期:  2020-03-28
  • 刊出日期:  2020-05-25

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