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纳米金属颗粒在土壤-植物系统中的迁移转化及生物效应研究进展

疏茂 汤岑鹏 赵峰娃 赵青

疏茂, 汤岑鹏, 赵峰娃, 赵青. 纳米金属颗粒在土壤-植物系统中的迁移转化及生物效应研究进展[J]. 环境科学研究, 2022, 35(2): 435-442. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2021.11.15
引用本文: 疏茂, 汤岑鹏, 赵峰娃, 赵青. 纳米金属颗粒在土壤-植物系统中的迁移转化及生物效应研究进展[J]. 环境科学研究, 2022, 35(2): 435-442. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2021.11.15
SHU Mao, TANG Cenpeng, ZHAO Fengwa, ZHAO Qing. Research Progress on Migration and Transformation of Nano Metallic Particles in Soil-Plant System and Their Bio-Effects on Plants[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2022, 35(2): 435-442. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2021.11.15
Citation: SHU Mao, TANG Cenpeng, ZHAO Fengwa, ZHAO Qing. Research Progress on Migration and Transformation of Nano Metallic Particles in Soil-Plant System and Their Bio-Effects on Plants[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2022, 35(2): 435-442. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2021.11.15

纳米金属颗粒在土壤-植物系统中的迁移转化及生物效应研究进展

doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2021.11.15
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金优秀青年基金项目(No.42022056);广东省科学院专项资金项目(No.2020GDASYL-20200101002)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    疏茂(1986-),男,安徽宣城人,shumao@conchventure.com

    通讯作者:

    赵青(1983-),男,浙江台州人,研究员,博士,博导,主要从事环境地球化学研究,happyzq2002@163.com

  • 中图分类号: X173

Research Progress on Migration and Transformation of Nano Metallic Particles in Soil-Plant System and Their Bio-Effects on Plants

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.42022056); GDAS' Project of Science and Technology Development, China (No.2020GDASYL-20200101002)
  • 摘要: 纳米金属颗粒的安全性是我国纳米产业发展亟需解决的重要课题,认识纳米金属颗粒在土壤-植物系统中的迁移转化和生物效应是其安全性研究的重要内容. 本文系统阐述了纳米金属颗粒在土壤中的迁移转化、在植物中的运输过程和机制以及在植物中的生物转化及其对植物的生物学效应,并在此基础上提出未来研究展望. 结果表明:①复杂的土壤环境(pH、离子强度、离子价态、温度、溶解性有机质)能够影响纳米金属颗粒在土壤中的迁移及其形态转化(吸附/解吸、分散/沉降、解离和氧化/还原);②纳米金属颗粒首先吸附在植物的根部,再通过质外体或共质体途经向植物内部转移,由木质部和韧皮部组成的维管系统进行转运;③根际分泌物以及植物体内的蛋白质与有机酸等对纳米金属颗粒在植物中的生物转化起到重要作用;④纳米金属颗粒可以通过引起氧化应激或抑制营养元素吸收对植物产生毒性效应. 为此,提出未来研究展望:建议重点关注纳米金属颗粒在土壤中形态转变过程的耦合效应,以及各赋存形态在植物体内的运输途径、生物转化过程机制及其对植物生物效应的贡献等.

     

  • 图  1  纳米金属颗粒的形态转化

    Figure  1.  Morphological transformation of metal nanoparticles

    图  2  金属纳米颗粒在植物体内的运输途径及其在韧皮部胞间连丝内的积累[32]

    Figure  2.  Transport routes of metal nanoparticles in plant and accumulation of gold nanoparticles in the plasmodesma of the phloem complex in root cells[32]

    图  3  金属纳米颗粒对植物的生物效应[32]

    Figure  3.  Biological effects of metal nanoparticles on plants[32]

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-06
  • 修回日期:  2021-11-13
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-03-07

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