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北京市夏季近地层臭氧对气温的量化响应关系

唐枷榕 田润泽 郭文勇 张众志 徐峻 刘世杰 张树宪 马琳琳 叶子恒 黄荷卉

唐枷榕, 田润泽, 郭文勇, 张众志, 徐峻, 刘世杰, 张树宪, 马琳琳, 叶子恒, 黄荷卉. 北京市夏季近地层臭氧对气温的量化响应关系[J]. 环境科学研究, 2023, 36(5): 904-912. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2023.02.02
引用本文: 唐枷榕, 田润泽, 郭文勇, 张众志, 徐峻, 刘世杰, 张树宪, 马琳琳, 叶子恒, 黄荷卉. 北京市夏季近地层臭氧对气温的量化响应关系[J]. 环境科学研究, 2023, 36(5): 904-912. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2023.02.02
TANG Jiarong, TIAN Runze, GUO Wenyong, ZHANG Zhongzhi, XU Jun, LIU Shijie, ZHANG Shuxian, MA Linlin, YE Ziheng, HUANG Hehui. Quantitative Relationship between Near-Surface Ozone and Air Temperature over Beijing Area in Summer[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2023, 36(5): 904-912. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2023.02.02
Citation: TANG Jiarong, TIAN Runze, GUO Wenyong, ZHANG Zhongzhi, XU Jun, LIU Shijie, ZHANG Shuxian, MA Linlin, YE Ziheng, HUANG Hehui. Quantitative Relationship between Near-Surface Ozone and Air Temperature over Beijing Area in Summer[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2023, 36(5): 904-912. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2023.02.02

北京市夏季近地层臭氧对气温的量化响应关系

doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2023.02.02
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(No.41575127);国家重点研发计划重点专项(No.2019YFC0214800)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    唐枷榕(1996-),女,广东广州人,jrtang369@163.com

    通讯作者:

    徐峻(1969-),男,北京人,研究员,博士,主要从事区域空气污染研究,xujun@craes.org.cn

  • 中图分类号: X515

Quantitative Relationship between Near-Surface Ozone and Air Temperature over Beijing Area in Summer

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.41575127); National Key Research and Development Program of China (No.2019YFC0214800)
  • 摘要: 为研究不同污染水平下,O3浓度对气温升高的敏感程度,利用2018—2020年5—9月近地层O3日最大8 h平均浓度(O3-8 h浓度)和日最高地面气温(Tmax)数据,拟合O3-8 h浓度对Tmax变化的响应斜率(mO3-T),据此对比分析不同类型站点mO3-T的差异和O3污染特征. 结果表明:①各站点O3-8 h浓度均随Tmax升高而增加,在24~36 ℃气温范围内该趋势最明显. ②城区点mO3-T最高,高达10.6 μg/(m3·℃);北部远郊区点和北部背景点mO3-T较低,低至5.2 μg/(m3·℃);近郊区点与城区点的mO3-T相当. ③总体看,北京市mO3-T较高,与O3污染高发地—美国加州南海岸地区20世纪90年代相当,说明目前北京市O3污染水平可能与该时期加州南海岸地区相近. ④周末效应分析表明,北京市北部远郊区点和北部背景点的周末效应均高于主城区点,用mO3-T表征的周末效应能更显著地体现不同区域间的差异. 研究显示,mO3-T能表征北京市的O3污染特征以及目前O3污染治理水平所处阶段.

     

  • 图  1  北京市空气质量监测站点和国家基本气象观测站点位置分布情况

    Figure  1.  Location of air quality monitoring sites and national basic meteorological observation sites in Beijing

    图  2  北京市各类型站点O3-8 h浓度与Tmax的散点图

    注:因版面限制,只展现各类型站点的代表性站点情况.

    Figure  2.  Scatter plot of O3-8 h concentration with Tmax in Beijing

    图  3  北京市各类型站点在1 ℃气温区间内的O3-8 h浓度统计

    注:因版面限制,只展现各类型站点的代表性站点情况.

    Figure  3.  O3-8 h concentration statistics of each Beijing monitoring station by 1 ℃ air temperature segment

    图  4  北京市各站点O3-8 h浓度与Tmax拟合的mO3-T及其相关系数

    注:图例中的蓝色代表城区点,粉色代表郊区点,红色代表背景点,黑色代表交通点.

    Figure  4.  mO3-T fitted with O3-8 h concentration and Tmax and its correlation coefficient at each site in Beijing

    图  5  北京市各站点夏季NO2日均浓度统计

    Figure  5.  Daily NO2 statistic of each Beijing monitoring station in summer

    图  6  北京市各站点mO3-T与美国地区mO3-T的比较

    Figure  6.  mO3-T comparison for each site in Beijing and sites in USA

    图  7  北京市各站点周末与工作日的O3-8 h浓度差及其变幅

    Figure  7.  The difference of O3-8 h concentration between weekdays and weekdays in Beijing and its amplitude of variation

    图  8  北京市各类型站点周末与工作日的mO3-T及其差值的变幅

    注:图例中的粉色代表周末的mO3-T,蓝色代表工作日的mO3-T.

    Figure  8.  mO3-T on weekends and weekdays of sites in Beijing and its magnitude of variation in the difference

    表  1  北京市空气质量监测站点

    Table  1.   Air quality monitoring station in Beijing

    类型站点名称
    城区点 东城东四、东城天坛、西城官园、西城万寿西宫、朝阳奥体中心、朝阳农展馆、海淀万柳、海淀北部新区、丰台花园、丰台云岗、石景山古城
    郊区点 近郊区:房山良乡、大兴黄村镇、亦庄开发区、通州新
    城、顺义新城、昌平镇、门头沟龙泉镇
    远郊区:平谷镇、怀柔镇、密云镇、延庆镇
    背景点 南部背景点:京东南永乐店、京南榆垡、京西南琉璃河
    北部背景点:昌平定陵、京西北八达岭、京东北密云水库、京东东高村
    交通点 前门东大街、永定门内大街、西直门北大街、南三环西路、东四环北路
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-10-18
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