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基于生态产品价值视角的矿区植被恢复成效评估:以神东矿区为例

周甲男 马苏 郑颖娟 刘洋 刘军会

周甲男, 马苏, 郑颖娟, 刘洋, 刘军会. 基于生态产品价值视角的矿区植被恢复成效评估:以神东矿区为例[J]. 环境科学研究, 2023, 36(9): 1728-1736. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2023.06.13
引用本文: 周甲男, 马苏, 郑颖娟, 刘洋, 刘军会. 基于生态产品价值视角的矿区植被恢复成效评估:以神东矿区为例[J]. 环境科学研究, 2023, 36(9): 1728-1736. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2023.06.13
ZHOU Jianan, MA Su, ZHENG Yingjuan, LIU Yang, LIU Junhui. Evaluation of Vegetation Restoration Effect in Mining Area from the Perspective of Ecosystem Product Value: A Case Study of Shendong Mining Area[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2023, 36(9): 1728-1736. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2023.06.13
Citation: ZHOU Jianan, MA Su, ZHENG Yingjuan, LIU Yang, LIU Junhui. Evaluation of Vegetation Restoration Effect in Mining Area from the Perspective of Ecosystem Product Value: A Case Study of Shendong Mining Area[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2023, 36(9): 1728-1736. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2023.06.13

基于生态产品价值视角的矿区植被恢复成效评估:以神东矿区为例

doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2023.06.13
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(No.2016YFB0501505);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务专项项目(No.2022YSKY-19)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    周甲男(1990-),女,河南郑州人,助理研究员,博士,主要从事生物多样性、区域植被恢复评估等研究, jnzhou_leona@163.com

    通讯作者:

    刘军会(1976-),男,河北保定人,研究员,博士,主要从事生态环境遥感应用、区域生态保护修复等研究,liujh@craes.org.cn

  • 中图分类号: X173

Evaluation of Vegetation Restoration Effect in Mining Area from the Perspective of Ecosystem Product Value: A Case Study of Shendong Mining Area

Funds: National Key Research and Development Program of China (No.2016YFB0501505);Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basal Research Program, China (No.2022YSKY-19)
  • 摘要: 生态系统服务和生态产品价值提升是矿区实施植被恢复的主要目标. 神东煤矿是我国最大的煤炭生产基地,地处黄土高原与毛乌素沙地过渡地带,原生生态环境极其脆弱. 为了解神东矿区近30年来植被恢复成效,本文基于遥感影像、地面观测和经济统计数据,采用修正后的单位面积价值当量因子法,引入生态系统质量调整系数用以区分同类生态系统内部差异,构建区域生态产品价值评估模型,评估1990—2018年神东矿区生态产品价值及时空变化特征,从生态产品价值视角定量揭示矿区植被恢复效益. 结果表明:①从整体上看,近30年神东矿区生态产品总价值增加6.57×108元,单位面积生态产品价值增长84.33×104元/km2,其中价值增高区域占65.35%,主要位于矿区东部的哈拉沟、大柳塔、石圪台、柳塔、乌兰木伦煤矿以及矿区西部的活鸡兔井;价值量减少区域占33.32%,主要位于乌兰木伦河沿岸及矿区西部的寸草塔、布尔台、补连塔、上湾煤矿边缘地区. ②从不同服务类型看,其生态产品价值增量自高到低排序依次为调节服务、供给服务、支持服务、文化服务,增量分别为3.35×108、1.84×108、1.14×108和0.23×108元,其中增幅最大的为供给服务,增长率达273.78%. ③从不同恢复模式看,2018年单位面积生态产品价值自高到低排序依次为经济林模式(291.31×104元/km2)、光伏灌草模式(182.47×104元/km2)、生态林模式(171.70×104元/km2)、风沙防治模式(166.74×104元/km2),近30年这4种模式的单位面积生态产品价值均呈增加趋势,分别增加177.68×104、48.62×104、32.80×104、166.74×104元/km2. 其中,经济林模式兼具供给服务、调节服务、支持服务和文化服务,单位面积生态产品价值最高且增量最多,能够有效提升矿区生态产品价值;光伏灌草模式和生态林模式能提供较高的调节服务和支持服务,但供给服务不高;风沙防治模式的调节服务和支持服务较高,供给服务和文化服务不足,但由于本底价值较低,单位面积生态产品价值增量较多. 研究显示,近30年来神东矿区4种恢复模式下单位面积生态产品价值均呈增加趋势,生态效益和经济效益明显. 从生态产品价值视角评估矿区植被恢复成效,能够为矿区制定科学的植被恢复计划提供参考,同时也为矿区生态产品价值实现提供基础数据和科技支撑.

     

  • 图  1  神东矿区植被恢复模式分布

    Figure  1.  Distribution of vegetation restoration patterns in the Shendong mining area

    图  2  1990—2018年神东矿区生态系统类型变化

    Figure  2.  Change in ecosystem types in the Shendong mining area from 1990 to 2018

    图  3  1990—2018年神东矿区生态产品价值的空间变化

    Figure  3.  Spatial change of ecosystem product value in the Shendong mining area from 1990 to 2018

    图  4  神东矿区1990—2018年不同服务类型生态产品价值变化

    生态系统服务类型:A—食物生产;B—原料生产;C—水资源供给;D—气体调节;E—气候调节;F—净化环境;G—水文调节;H—土壤保持;I—维持养分循环;J—生物多样性维持;K—美学景观.

    Figure  4.  Changes in ecosystem product value among different service functions in the Shendong mining area from 1990 to 2018

    图  5  1990年和2018年神东矿区不同恢复模式下生态产品价值结构

    Figure  5.  Structure of ecosystem product value in the Shendong mining area in 1990 and 2018

    表  1  1990—2018年神东矿区不同服务类型生态产品价值变化

    Table  1.   Ecosystem product value changes of different service functions in Shendong mining area from 1990 to 2018

    服务类型生态产品价值/(108元)1990—2018年
    变化率/%
    1990年2015年变化量
    供给服务0.672.521.84273.78
    调节服务6.279.623.3553.39
    支持服务1.923.071.1459.56
    文化服务0.390.620.2360.39
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  神东矿区生态产品价值敏感性指数

    Table  2.   The CS of ecosystem product value in Shendong mining area

    年份敏感性指数
    农田森林灌木草原水域荒漠
    19900.040.140.190.400.190.04
    20180.020.240.400.220.120.00
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-04-21
  • 修回日期:  2023-06-02

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