Scientific monitoring of Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the atmosphere is the key basis for the formation mechanism and prevention and control of the combined pollution of O3
. It is of great significance to continuously improve the air quality in China. In order to optimize and improve the VOCs monitoring system and efficiency in China, and put forward the development direction and path of photochemical monitoring in the future, the key elements of VOCs monitoring system design, monitoring sites, monitoring items and periods, monitoring technology and quality control technology at home and abroad are evaluated through research, data miningand other methods. This research is carried out from the development history, monitoring points, monitoring items and time periods, monitoring technology and quality of VOCs monitoring at home and abroad. The results show that: (1) The photochemical monitoring network covering key areas has been initially established in China, but in the VOCs monitoring network, key points such as regions, transportation and high emission areas are lacking. It is an important path to optimize and improve them to improve the VOCs monitoring performance in our country. (2) May to September is an important period of O3
pollution in China. The components involved in Photochemical Assessment Monitoring Stations (PAMS) belonging to the Environmental Protection Agency USA (EPA) are important components affecting O3
, especially ethylene, benzene series, formaldehyde and acetaldehyde. And some branched chain olefins and natural source olefins such as α- Pinene β- The impact of pinene on O3
or particulate matters is also noteworthy. Finally, the monitoring project should be optimized according to the localization characteristics. (3) In terms of monitoring technology, manual monitoring and automatic monitoring have their own advantages, showing the development trend of automatic monitoring as the main and manual monitoring as the auxiliary. The monitoring technology system should be developed in the direction of high precision, standardization, miniaturization, modularization, intelligence, high time resolution and low monitoring cost. At the same time, the quality system standard research should be continued to fill the gaps and improve the quality of monitoring data. The research shows the monitoring points of environmental atmospheric VOCs in China should be optimized, the standardization of monitoring technology system and quality system should be strengthened, and the localized monitoring projects in China should be formed focusing on key periods, so as to scientifically optimize and improve the photochemical monitoring program in China.