引用本文:李海明,李 云,翟 菁,贾晓玉,等.咸水中胶体迁移-沉积对砂介质渗透性损失的[J].环境科学研究,2010,23(3):346-349.
LI Hai-ming,LI Yun,ZHAI Jing,JIA Xiao-yu,et al.Mathematical Model of Colloid Transport-Deposition on Permeability Loss of Sand Medium in Salt Water[J].Reserrch of Environmental Science,2010,23(3):346-349.]
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咸水中胶体迁移-沉积对砂介质渗透性损失的
李海明, 李 云, 翟 菁, 贾晓玉
天津科技大学水土环境污染控制研究室,天津市海洋资源与化学重点实验室, 天津 300457
摘要:
采用室内土柱试验,研究咸水中胶体迁移引起砂介质渗透性变化的特征,通过胶体迁移-沉积作用的分析对砂介质渗透性损失的机理进行了探讨.结果表明:砂介质渗透性随孔隙体积数变化的动态特征符合Boltzmann函数;砂介质渗透性总的损失率为37.4%;渗透系数的损失量随孔隙体积数的增加而增加.胶体在砂介质中的穿透曲线呈“S”型,其中的2个拐点将曲线分成开始穿透、快速穿透和平稳穿透3个阶段,但并没有完全穿透,其迁移过程中发生了沉积. 胶体沉积作用是砂介质渗透性降低的主要原因.
关键词:  咸水  胶体  迁移-沉积  砂介质  渗透性损失
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(40602029,40872156);国家水体污染控制与治理科技重 大专项(2009ZX07212-003);天津市科技支撑计划重点项目(08ZCGYSF02400)
Mathematical Model of Colloid Transport-Deposition on Permeability Loss of Sand Medium in Salt Water
LI Hai-ming, LI Yun, ZHAI Jing, JIA Xiao-yu
Tianjin Key Laboratory of Marine Resources and Chemistry, Water & Soil Environment Pollution Control Laboratory, Tianjin University of Science & Technology, Tianjin 300457, China
Abstract:
On the basis of field investigation, self-designed column experimentswere conducted to elucidate the effect of colloid transport on the permeabilityof sand medium in salt water. Moreover, the mechanism of sand medium permeability loss was discussed by studying the transport and deposition of colloids in the column. The results show that the dynamic characteristic of sand medium permeability changes with pore volumes is consistent with the Boltzmann function. The total loss ratio of sand medium permeability is 37.4%, and the loss of permeability coefficient increased with the increasing of pore volumes. The breakthroughcurves of the colloids presents as “S” type, and could be divided into three phases :start to breakthrough,fast breakthrough, and smooth breakthrough, but none of them broke through completely. The deposition of colloids was the main reason for the permeability loss of the sand medium.
Key words:  salt water  colloid  transport-deposition  sand medium  permeability loss