引用本文:罗 宏,冯慧娟.流域差别化环境管理研究[J].环境科学研究,2011,24(1):118-124.
LUO Hong,FENG Hui-juan.Research on Watershed-Differentiated Environmental Management[J].Reserrch of Environmental Science,2011,24(1):118-124.]
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流域差别化环境管理研究
罗宏,冯慧娟
中国环境科学研究院,北京,100012
摘要:
按照自然规律和经济规律要求对流域实施差别化环境管理,是提高流域环境管理针对性、有效性,改善环境管理效率和效果的必然选择.通过对流域差别化管理在系统论和行为经济学的理论剖析,以及流域在地理要素、功能和经济发展上的地域分异性特征分析,提出“分域、分区、分序、分期、分类、分级、分责、分权、分策”的“九分”原则.在“九分”原则指导下,从划分流域环境经济功能区、优化流域环境管理手段、创造流域差别化环境管理的实施条件等方面,体现流域差别化环境管理思想并保证其得以顺利实施.
关键词:  流域  系统  差别化  环境管理
DOI:
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基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2008ZX07207-001)
Research on Watershed-Differentiated Environmental Management
LUO Hong,FENG Hui-juan
Abstract:
Watershed-differentiated environmental management is an inevitable choice for improving pertinence,validity,efficiency and effects of environmental management according to the rules of nature and economy.Through analyzing system theory,behavior economics theory and the features of differentiated geographic factors,function,and economic development,the “nine divisions” concept of watershed-differentiated environmental management was put forward.The “nine divisions” are basin division,area division,sequence division,stage division,kind division,class division,responsibility division,authority division and policy division.Under the guidance of the “nine divisions”, mechanisms including repartitioning environmental economic functional area,optimizing watershed environmental management instruments and creating executable conditions for watershed-differentiated environmental management can embody the thoughts of differentiated watershed environmental management and assure healthily implemented differentiated management.
Key words:  watershed  system  differentiation  environmental management