引用本文:冯向宇,葛蕴珊,马朝臣,等.FBC-DPF在柴油机颗粒物控制中的应用研究[J].环境科学研究,2014,27(1):36-42.
FENG Xiang-yu,GE Yun-shan,MA Chao-chen,et al.Application of FBC-DPF on PM Emissions Control from Diesel Engine[J].Reserrch of Environmental Science,2014,27(1):36-42.]
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FBC-DPF在柴油机颗粒物控制中的应用研究
冯向宇1, 葛蕴珊1, 马朝臣1, 韩秀坤1, 谭建伟1, 李加强1, 郝春晓2
1.北京理工大学机械与车辆学院, 北京 100081 ;2.中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012
摘要:
目前针对加装FBC-DPF(燃油添加剂-柴油机颗粒捕集器)后的柴油机放特性研究较少,并且缺乏FBC-DPF对颗粒物中PAHs排放量的影响效果研究. 为全面评估加装FBC-DPF后柴油机颗粒物排放特性和FBC-DPF对柴油机尾气中的颗粒物排放污染控制效果,在发动机台架上对装有FBC-DPF的重型柴油机进行了颗粒物排放特性试验. 利用电子低压撞击仪(ELPI)测量加装FBC-DPF前、后柴油机颗粒物的数浓度与粒径分布,用玻璃纤维滤膜采集加装FBC-DPF前、后尾气中的固相PAHs,利用色谱质谱联用仪对加装FBC-DPF前、后尾气中的固相PAHs进行定量分析. 结果表明:①加装FBC-DPF后柴油机排放的颗粒物数浓度大幅降低,FBC-DPF对尾气中颗粒物的捕集效率平均值在95%左右;②加装FBC-DPF后柴油机固相PAHs总比排放量有所降低,在大负荷区域降幅在25.0%~88.0%之间;③加装FBC-DPF前的颗粒物中位直径为30~89nm,而加装FBC-DPF后的颗粒物中位直径为41~98nm,平均增幅为38.2%. 对于国Ⅳ及未来国Ⅴ柴油机排放法规,FBC-DPF是解决柴油机颗粒物排放的有效手段;此外,FBC-DPF可以大幅降低柴油机尾气中的有毒成分,并且能够适应高含硫量的燃油环境.
关键词:  柴油机  颗粒物  颗粒捕集器(DPF)  PAHs  选择催化还原(SCR)
DOI:
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51276021)
Application of FBC-DPF on PM Emissions Control from Diesel Engine
FENG Xiang-yu1, GE Yun-shan1, MA Chao-chen1, HAN Xiu-kun1, TAN Jian-wei1, LI Jia-qiang1, HAO Chun-xiao2
1.School of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China ;2.Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Science, Beijing 100012, China
Abstract:
There were few researches on emission characteristics of diesel engine retrofitted with fuel-borne catalyst diesel particulate filter (FBC-DPF), especially on effects of DPF on the PAHs emission from the exhaust. To comprehensively evaluate particulate matter (PM) emission characteristics of diesel engine retrofitted with FBC-DPF and PAH emission control performance,PM emissions emitted from a heavy-duty diesel engine loaded FBC-DPF were investigated on the engine test bench. PM number concentration and size distribution were obtained by Electrical Low Pressure Impactor with and without FBC-DPF respectively. Additionally, solid polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were sampled by fiberglass film filters and PAHs were quantitatively analyzed by gas chromatogragh-mass spectrometer (GCMS). Results showed that, DPF substantially reduced the number concentration of PM, and the average filtering efficiency of particulate matter was approximately 95%. DPF also reduced brake specific emissions of PAHs with a high reduce of 25.0%-88.0% of PAHs. The number count mean diameter (CMD) of PM emission was 30-89nm without FBC-DPF, while CMD of PM emission was 41-98nm after the engine retrofitted FBC-DPF. FBC-DPF approximately increased the number count mean diameter of PM emitted from diesel engine by 38.2%. For China Ⅳ and Ⅴstage emission standards, FBC-DPF is an effective method to remove the PM emission from the diesel exhaust, and it can significantly reduce the toxic ingredients in the exhaust. In addition, FBC-DPF can adapt to the fuel with high sulfur content.
Key words:  diesel  particulate matter  diesel particulate filter  PAHs  selective catalytic reduction