引用本文:卢少勇,李珂,贾建丽,万正芬,王国静,刘佩佩,等.串联垂直流人工湿地去除河水中磷的效果[J].环境科学研究,2016,29(8):1218-1223.
LU Shaoyong,LI Ke,JIA Jianli,WAN Zhengfen,WANG Guojing,LIU Peipei,et al.Phosphorus Removal Efficiency of Simulated Series Vertical Flow Constructed Wetlands Treating River Water[J].Reserrch of Environmental Science,2016,29(8):1218-1223.]
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串联垂直流人工湿地去除河水中磷的效果
卢少勇1, 李 珂1,2, 贾建丽2, 万正芬1, 王国静1, 刘佩佩1
1.中国环境科学研究院, 环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室, 国家环境保护湖泊污染控制重点实验室, 国家环境保护洞庭湖科学观测研究站, 北京 100012 ;2.中国矿业大学(北京)化学与环境工程学院, 北京 100083
摘要:
利用在温室内构建的串联垂直流人工湿地模拟装置,以芦苇为湿地植物,填充砾石,研究两种水力负荷(0.2和0.4 m/d)、3个串联级数、有/无植物等对处理北京市清河河水磷去除的影响,试验共持续144 d. 结果表明:①在进水ρ(TP)为0.50~1.77 mg/L(平均值为1.15 mg/L)、ρ(DTP)为0.41~1.53 mg/L(平均值为0.9 mg/L)的条件下,TP去除率随进水ρ(TP)的升高而升高. ②水力负荷为0.2 m/d时,有、无植物3级串联系统磷的去除率分别为38.36%、26.85%;水力负荷为0.4 m/d时,分别为32.42%,23.99%,说明低水力负荷与有植物的条件利于除磷. ③有植物3级串联系统TP去除率平均值为38.36%,大于2级串联系统(28.30%);无植物3级串联系TP去除率平均值为26.85%,大于2级串联系统(21.81%)和1级串联系统(14.98%),串联级数增加,磷去除率升高. 研究显示,水力负荷为0.2 m/d时,有植物3级串联系统的TP去除率最高.
关键词:  串联垂直流人工湿地  清河河水    水力负荷  植物
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07105-002,2013ZX07101-014);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务专项(2012-YSKY-14)
Phosphorus Removal Efficiency of Simulated Series Vertical Flow Constructed Wetlands Treating River Water
LU Shaoyong1, LI Ke1,2, JIA Jianli2, WAN Zhengfen1, WANG Guojing1, LIU Peipei1
1.State Environmental Protection Scientific Observation and Research Station for Lake Dongtinghu (SEPSORSLD), State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory for Lake Pollution Control, State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China ;2.School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
Abstract:
Abstract: Waterbody eutrophication is one of the most serious environmental problems in the world. Phosphorus is an important factorin eutrophication. Constructed wetland is a cost-effective technique to treat contaminated river water.A series of simulated vertical-flow constructed wetlands (four groups of three stage columns, each column measuring 90 cm in height, 9.5 cm in diameter,and packed with gravels of particle size from 4.4 to 26.4 mm in a height of 80 cm) planted with Phragmites were built in the greenhouse to treat Qinghe River water of Beijing. The effects of two hydraulic loads, three stages of series connection and vegetation on phosphorus removal were observed over 144 days,24 cycles.The influent water contained ρ(TP) 0.50-1.77 mg/L (with an average of 1.15 mg/L) and ρ(DTP) 0.41-1.53 mg/L (with an average of 0.9 mg/L). TP removal rate increased with the increase of influent concentration. Under hydraulic load of 0.2 m/d, phosphorus removal rates of vegetated and unvegetated systems were 38.36% and 26.85%. Additionally, the removal efficiency of vegetated systems (32.42%) was superior to unvegetated systems (23.99%) at the hydraulic load of 0.4 m/d. This indicated that low hydraulic load and hydrophytes favored phosphorus removal. What's more, stages of series connection had an effect on phosphorus removalrate.Three stage column system had higher phosphorus removal rate than one stage and two stage column systems. In the vegetated systems, the removal rates of three stage and two stage column systems were 38.36% and 26.85%respectively. While in unvegetated systems, the removal efficiencies were 26.85%, 21.81% and 14.98% with the column system stage decreased.The research showed that the three stage column system with hydrophytes under the hydraulic load of 0.2 m/d had the highest removal rate of TP.
Key words:  series vertical-flow constructed wetlands  Qinghe River water  phosphorus  hydraulic loading  hydrophyte