引用本文:梁美娜,王敦球,朱义年,肖瑜,朱宗强,唐沈,等.羟基磷灰石/蔗渣炭复合吸附剂的制备及其对As(Ⅴ)的吸附机理[J].环境科学研究,2017,30(4):607-614.
LIANG Meina,WANG Dunqiu,ZHU Yinian,XIAO Yu,ZHU Zhongqiang,TANG Shen,et al.Preparation of Hydroxylapatite/Bagasse Biochar Composite Adsorbent and Its Adsorption Mechanism of As(V) from Aqueous Solution[J].Reserrch of Environmental Science,2017,30(4):607-614.]
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羟基磷灰石/蔗渣炭复合吸附剂的制备及其对As(Ⅴ)的吸附机理
梁美娜1,2,3, 王敦球1,2,3, 朱义年1,2,3, 肖 瑜2,3, 朱宗强2,3, 唐 沈2,3
1.广西大学轻工与食品工程学院, 广西 南宁 530004 ;2.桂林理工大学环境科学与工程学院, 广西 桂林 541004 ;3.广西岩溶地区水污染控制与用水安全保障协同创新中心, 广西 桂林 541004
摘要:
以甘蔗渣为原料,采用水热合成法制备羟基磷灰石/蔗渣炭复合吸附剂——HBA,通过静态吸附试验研究HBA对As(Ⅴ)的吸附特性,并采用红外光谱和X射线光电子能谱对吸附前后的HBA进行表征,探讨其吸附As(Ⅴ)的机理.结果表明:HBA的比表面积为89.52 m2/g,pHzpc(零点电荷)=7.2,HBA上的羟基磷灰石的分子式为Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2.HBA吸附As(Ⅴ)的效果最佳pH为5.0~9.0.Langmuir等温吸附模型适合拟合HBA对As(V)的吸附等温线,25 ℃时Langmuir最大吸附量为6.76 mg/g,是蔗渣炭对As(Ⅴ)最大吸附量的20多倍.红外光谱分析表明,HBA含有的CO、—OH、—COOH等含氧官能团,可为化学吸附提供充足的吸附位点和提高HBA的吸附能力.XPS分析表明,HBA表面的含氧官能团〔如羧基(—O—CO,532.2 eV)、羟基(—OH,530.6 eV)〕参与了吸附反应,羟基磷灰石能提高HBA吸附As(Ⅴ)的能力,被吸附到HBA表面上的As主要以AsO43-和HAsO42-形态存在.
关键词:  羟基磷灰石  蔗渣炭    吸附  机理
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(21367010,51638006)
Preparation of Hydroxylapatite/Bagasse Biochar Composite Adsorbent and Its Adsorption Mechanism of As(V) from Aqueous Solution
LIANG Meina1,2,3, WANG Dunqiu1,2,3, ZHU Yinian1,2,3, XIAO Yu2,3, ZHU Zhongqiang2,3, TANG Shen2,3
1.College of Light Industry and Food Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China ;2.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China ;3.Guangxi Collaborative Innovation Center for Water Pollution Control and Water Safety in Karst Area, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China
Abstract:
Abstract: Hydroxylapatite/bagasse biochar composite adsorbent(HBA)was prepared from sugarcane bagasse by using the hydrothermal synthesis method.The adsorption capacity for As(V)on HBA was measured through a series of batch adsorption experiments.The adsorption mechanism of As(V)from aqueous solution onto HBA was investigated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FTIR)and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS).The results showed that the specific surface area of HBA was 89.52 m2/g,and the point of zero charge values of HBA was 7.2.The molecular formula of hydroxylapatite in HBA was Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2.The pH range for the optimal As(V)adsorption was between 5.0 and 9.0.The As(V)adsorption isotherm could be well fitted with the Langmuir model.The maximum As(V)adsorption capacity for HBA was 6.76 mg/g at 25 ℃,which is 23 times that of the bagasse biochar.FTIR analysis indicated that oxygen-containing functional groups presented abundantly on the external and internal surfaces of HBA,which provided numerous chemical sorption sites and thereby increased the adsorption capacity of HBA.XPS analysis showed that the oxygen-containing functional groups,carboxyl oxygen [—O—CO,532.2 eV] and hydroxyl [—OH,530.6 eV],were involved in adsorption.Hydroxylapatite in HBA played the key role in the As(V)adsorption process.The As(V)adsorbed on the HBA surface existed mainly as AsO43- and HAsO42-.
Key words:  hydroxylapatite  bagasse biochar  arsenic(V)  adsorption  mechanism