引用本文:姚源,竺建荣,唐敏,陈刚才,黄健盛,陈婷婷,廖伟伶,等.好氧颗粒污泥技术处理乡镇污水应用[J].环境科学研究,2018,31(2):379-388.
YAO Yuan,ZHU Jianrong,TANG Min,CHEN Gangcai,HUANG Jiansheng,CHEN Tingting,LIAO Weiling,et al.Application of Aerobic Granular Sludge Technology on Treatment of Villages and Towns Sewage[J].Reserrch of Environmental Science,2018,31(2):379-388.]
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 274次   下载 273 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
好氧颗粒污泥技术处理乡镇污水应用
姚源1, 竺建荣2, 唐敏3, 陈刚才1, 黄健盛1, 陈婷婷1, 廖伟伶1
1. 重庆市环境科学研究院, 重庆 401147;2. 北京师范大学, 北京 100875;3. 重庆市生态环境监测中心, 重庆 401147
摘要:
为研究好氧颗粒污泥技术是否适用于处理乡镇污水,采用该技术对处理规模为400 m3/d的乡镇污水处理厂进行改造,考察了污泥颗粒化过程、污染物去除效果及接种絮状污泥与好氧颗粒污泥微生物群落结构差异.结果表明,以进料负荷的交替变化作为调控措施,反应器启动后第13天污泥出现颗粒化,颗粒污泥平均粒径0.499 mm;启动第40天污泥完全颗粒化,颗粒污泥平均粒径1.336 mm.完全颗粒化后SBR反应器内ρ(MLSS)稳定在8~12 g/L,SVI维持在25~40 mL/g,出水ρ(CODCr)、ρ(NH3-N)、ρ(TN)始终满足GB 18918-2002《城镇污水处理厂污染物排放标准》一级A标准要求.群落结构的研究结果表明,相比于接种絮状污泥,好氧颗粒污泥群落丰富度和多样性均明显减少,反硝化功能菌和聚磷菌丰度显著增加;在好氧颗粒污泥中,Nitrosomonas(亚硝化单胞菌属)、Nitrospira(硝化螺旋菌属)是主要的硝化功能菌;Dechloromonas、Clostridium sensu stricto 13(梭菌属)是主要的反硝化细菌;Aeromonas(气单胞菌属)、Clostridium sensu stricto 13(梭菌属)是主要的聚磷菌;Uncultured Xanthomonadaceae、Comamonas(丛毛单胞菌属)、Zoogloea(动胶菌属)是降解有机物的主要菌种,其中Comamonas(丛毛单胞菌属)、Zoogloea(动胶菌属)也是好氧污泥颗粒化过程中的关键菌株.
关键词:  乡镇污水  好氧颗粒污泥  工程化应用  群落多样性
DOI:10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2017.03.81
分类号:X703
基金项目:重庆市属科研院所"双核驱动"科技支撑集成示范计划项目(No.cstc2014jcsf20002)
Application of Aerobic Granular Sludge Technology on Treatment of Villages and Towns Sewage
YAO Yuan1, ZHU Jianrong2, TANG Min3, CHEN Gangcai1, HUANG Jiansheng1, CHEN Tingting1, LIAO Weiling1
1. Chongqing Academy of Environmental Science, Chongqing 401147, China;2. Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;3. Ecological and Environmental Monitoring Center of Chongqing, Chongqing 401147, China
Abstract:
Aerobic granular sludge technique was used to treat villages and towns sewage to access its feasibility for a reconstructing full-scale sewage treatment plant (400 m3/d). The process of sludge granulation, pollutants removal and community differences between inoculated and granular sludge were investigated. Results showed that the granulation of sludge occurred on 13th day, and the average size of sludge reached 0.499 mm in diameter by a method of alternative feed loading. Completely granulated sludge was observed on 40th day, and the average size was up to 1.336 mm in diameter. Meanwhile, the ρ(MLSS) and SVI were 8-12 g/L and 25-40 mL/g in the reactor, respectively. The effluent CODCr, ammonia nitrogen, total nitrogen met A standard of the first level of Discharge Standard of Pollutants for Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant (GB 18918-2002) in China. Compared with inoculated floc sludge, the species richness and diversity of microbial community of aerobic granular sludge were significantly reduced, whereas the abundance of bacterial communities for denitrification and phosphorus removal was significantly increased. In the aerobic granular sludge, Nitrosomonas and Nitrospira are the main nitrifying bacteria; Dechloromonas and Clostridium sensu stricto 13 are the main denitrifying bacteria; Aeromonas and Clostridium sensu stricto 13 are the main bacteria for phosphorus removal; Uncultured Xanthomonadaceae, Comamonas, Zoogloea are the main bacteria for organics removal and are also the key bacteria for sludge granulation.
Key words:  villages and towns sewage  aerobic granular sludge  engineering application  community diversity