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基于物种敏感度分布法建立中国土壤中锑的环境基准
孙在金1, 赵淑婷2, 林祥龙1, 赵龙1, 马瑾1, 魏源1, 侯红1
1.中国环境科学研究院;2.云南农业大学
摘要:
基于Sb(锑)的植物及动物毒理数缺乏以及保护生态受体的土壤Sb的环境基准尚未建立的现状,通过收集和筛选文献中Sb的毒理数据并补充开展不同土壤类型的跳虫和植物的毒理试验,建立了Sb的生物毒性预测模型,并以此为依据对收集及试验毒理数据进行归一化处理,以消除土壤性质的影响。此外,进一步利用SSD (species sensitivity distribution, 物种敏感度分布法) 推导我国4种典型情景土壤中Sb的HC5 (hazardous concentration, 能够保护95%物种的生态安全阈值),最终建立基于土壤性质参数的环境基准计算模型。结果表明:① 不同土壤中Sb对跳虫的毒性差异较大,跳虫毒性阈值EC10 (effect concentration,10%抑制效应浓度)与土壤pH呈负相关,与w(SOC)( soil organic carbon, 土壤有机碳含量)呈正相关,即随着土壤pH增加或w(SOC)降低, Sb对跳虫的生物有效性随之增加,进而导致EC10降低。② 通过毒性阈值与土壤性质之间的多元回归分析可知,土壤pH和SOC可较好地预测Sb的生物毒性,植物和无脊椎动物的R2(决定系数)分别为0.778和0.867。③ 利用SSD得到11个物种在4种典型情景土壤中的HC5分别为55.12、28.28、28.08及14.55 mg/kg,推导出PNECtotal (predicted no effect concentration, 预测无效应浓度) 分别为28.96、15.54、15.44及8.68 mg/kg,计算模型为PNECtotal=-5.811pH+0.587SOC+55.480+Cb(土壤Sb背景浓度)。鉴于此,建议以中性土壤中Sb的环境基准值作为我国农用地土壤Sb污染风险筛选值制订的参考依据,即农用地土壤w(Sb)限值定为15 mg/kg。
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Deriving soils environmental criteria of antimony in China by species sensitivity distributions
sunzaijin,赵淑婷,林祥龙,赵龙,马瑾,wei yuan,侯红,et al
Abstract:
For lack of toxicology data of plants and animals on antimony (Sb) and the soil environmental criteria for conservation of ecological receptors have not yet been established in China, through collecting and screening the toxicological data in literature and carrying out supplementary toxicological tests on Folsomia candida and plants under different soil conditions, this study set up the biological toxicity prediction model of Sb, and on the basis of this model normalized the collected and experimental toxicological data in order to eliminate the influence of soil properties. Then, the hazardous concentration (HC5) of soil Sb in four typical scenarios by species sensitivity distribution (SSD) was derived and the environmental criteria model based on the soil properties indexes was established. As a result, (1) The toxicity differences of Sb on Folsomia candida were significant in the different soils. There was a negative correlation between soil pH and the toxicity threshold of Folsomia candida (EC10). On a contrary, a positive correlation was demonstrated between soil organic carbon and EC10 in soils. Along with the increased soil pH or decreased soil organic carbon, the bioavailability of Folsomia candida by Sb in soils was both improved. (2) The multiple regression analysis between toxicity thresholds (EC10) and soil properties showed that the two-factor predictive models based on soil pH and SOC could predict EC10 on plants and invertebrates with R2 (determination coefficients) of 0.778 and 0.867, respectively. (3) Through the SSD, HC5 of 11 species under four soil scenarios were 55.12, 28.28, 28.08 and 14.55 mg/kg, respectively; And the PNECtotal were 28.96, 15.54, 15.44 and 8.68 mg/kg, respectively. The calculation model was PNECtotal=-5.811pH+0.587OC+55.480+Cb (background concentration of Sb in soil). When deriving the risk screening values for Sb of agricultural land, the environmental quality criteria of Sb in the neutral soils was recommended as a reference, ie the criteria of w(Sb) was 15 mg/kg in agricultural land.
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