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增强环保科技创新能力支撑环境管理决策:需求·挑战·对策
李海生
中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012
摘要:
新时代我国环境保护形势面临着深刻变化,满足人民群众日益增长的对优质生态产品需求成为环保工作的主要矛盾.为落实党的十九大关于生态文明建设和环境保护的要求,牢固把握"环保科技的人民性",在对未来环境形势和环保科技创新需求分析判断的基础上,紧密围绕绿色发展和环境质量改善的目标,提出了加强环保科技创新发展的4个重点任务:面向国民经济绿色发展主战场,全面提升环保科技供给能力和水平;加强环境科学基础研究,引领环境质量改善;研发关键技术,突破环境治理技术瓶颈;加大生态系统保护力度,推进人与自然和谐共生.同时,提出了完善环保科技创新体制机制的5点建议:实施平台化、国际化、产业化、规范化、信息化管理,助推现代环境科研院所制度建设;加快环保科技创新体系建设,完善和补强科技创新链条;完善管理决策支撑机制,解决科研与管理脱节的问题;统筹全国环境科研力量,创新重大科研项目组织模式;加强人才队伍建设,充分调动人才创新活力,为环保科技创新提供政策和制度保障.
关键词:  环境质量  科技创新  管理决策  体制改革
DOI:10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2018.01.11
分类号:X32
基金项目:中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(No.2017YSKY-007)
Improving the Innovation Capability of Environmental Science and Technology to Support Environmental Management and Decision-Making: Demands, Challenges and Countermeasures
LI Haisheng
Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
Abstract:
China's environmental protection is facing profound changes in the new era. To meet the people's ever-growing needs for high-quality ecology has become the principal contradiction of environmental protection in the new era. In order to meet the new demands of ecological civilization and environmental protection proposed at the 19th CPC National Congress, and in accordance with the principle of'environmental science and technology serves the ordinary people', the future environmental situation and demands for innovation were analyzed. Then four key tasks to promote the development of environmental science and technology (S & T) innovation centering on the aim of green development and environment quality improvement were proposed, including completely improving the capability and level to provide S & T service for the green development of national economy, making efforts on dealing with outstanding environmental issues for continuous improvement of environmental quality, strengthening ecosystem protection to promote the harmony of human and nature, and promoting the system and mechanism innovation of environmental S & T to support the environmental management and decision-making. Finally, five suggestions to improve the system and mechanism of environmental S & T innovation were proposed:(1) to improve the management of platform construction, internationalization, industrialization, standardization and information to accelerate the construction of modern environmental science research institutes system; (2) to reinforce the basement of scientific innovation and improve the S & T innovation chains; (3) to improve the support toward decision-making and to re-connect scientific research activities and management requirements; (4) to organize the environmental research institutes all over the country for them to take part in major and urgent research projects; and (5) to improve human resource and to fully stipulate the innovative potential of the researchers.
Key words:  environmental quality  scientific and technological innovation  management and decision-making  reform of scientific research system